• [S12] Artillery Leadership in the Army of Virginia by Jim Rosebrock, online http://southfromthenorthwoods.blogspot.com/2019/01/…. Hereinafter cited as Artillery Leadership.
  • [S24] "Marriages", New York Evening Post (12/11/1830). Hereinafter cited as "New York Evening Post."
  • [S26] Edward Coke Ross, USMA 1821, online http://fredrickey.info/dms/00268-Ross.html. Part of Fred Rickey's unfinished history of the Mathematics Department at the USMA. Bourdon, M. (Louis Pierre Marie), 1779-1854, Elements of algebra translated from the French of M. Bourdon, for the use of the cadets of the U. S. Military Academy. By Lieut. Edward C. Ross. New York, E. B. Clayton, 1831, vii, 389 p.; 23 cm. USMA Call # QA154 .B77 1831. One copy in SPECIAL COLL-BSMT-B30 QA154B77 1831 vol. 2 another in TEXTBKS-PERSHING CNTR QA154 .B77 1831.
  • [S27] History of West Point, online https://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/…*.html Hereinafter cited as History of West Point. An extract of Cullum Register, superceded by the less informative "The Register of Graduates and Former Cadets", which has been edited down because of space constraints.
  • [S28] W. W. H. Davis, The History of Bucks County, Pennsylvania (Doylestown, Pa: Democrat Book and Job Office Print, 1876) Hereinafter cited as The History of Bucks County.
  • [S29] Teunis G. Bergen, Register In Alphabetical Order of the Early Settlers of Kings County, Long Island, N.Y. From Its First Settlement by Europeans to 1700 (New York: S. W. Green's Son, Printer, Electrotyper and Binder, 1881). Hereinafter cited as Early Settlers of Kings County.
  • [S31] Emma Siggens White, The Kinnear's and Their Kin: A Memorial Volume of History, Biography and Genealogy. (Kansas City, Missouri: Tiernan-Dart Printing Co., 1916). Available online at http://www.ancestry.com. Hereinafter cited as The Kinnear's and Their Kin.
  • [S33] William Henry Egle, Notes and Queries Historical, Biographical and Genealogical Relating Chiefly to Interior Pennsylvania, Annual Volume 1899 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1970). Hereinafter cited as Notes and Queries, 1899. Available online at ancestry.com. This is an extensive and very positive "sketch" of the life of Ann Kirkpatrick and details of her family, author unknown, with the initials WFR.
  • [S35] John Piper Will (31 August 1815), Will of John Piper of Hopewell Township, cited by Margaret Stephens on genealogy.com. Hereinafter cited as Will of John Piper of Hopewell Township.
  • [S36] The History of Bedford, Somerset and Fulton Counties, Pennsylvania. With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of the Pioneers and Prominent Men (Chicago: Waterman, Watkins & Co, 1884). Hereinafter cited as The History of Bedford, Somerset and Fulton Counties.
  • [S37] James Piper, Pennsylvania, Wills and Probate Records, 1683-1992, Cumberland, Wills, Vol A-C, 1750-1779,. Hereinafter cited as Pennsylvania, Wills and Probate Records, 1683-1992.
  • [S38] James Piper https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/42071560/…
  • [S39] Pastor Rev. D. Homer Kendall, History of the Messiah Evangelical United Brethren Church, 1866-1966, Shippensburg, Pennsylvania. Not copyrighted. Contributed for use in USGenWeb Archives by Roxanne Eckenrode. Hereinafter cited as History of the Messiah Evangelical United Brethren Church.
  • [S40] The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. XXIV. (Philadelphia: The Publication Fund of The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1900). Hereinafter cited as Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography.
  • [S43] Effie M Smith, A Genealogy of the Van Pelt Family (Chicago: The Rajput Press, 1913). Hereinafter cited as Van Pelt Family.
  • [S44] Wikipedia Entry - Massacre of Glencoe, online https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massacre_of_Glencoe. Hereinafter cited as Massacre of Glencoe.
  • [S45] Alexander (MacDonald) Laird MacDonald of Glencoe, online https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/…,example%20out%20of%20the%20clan. Hereinafter cited as MacDonald of Glencoe.
  • [S46] Glencoe Massacre: Truth or Spin?, online https://www.highlandtitles.com/blog/the-glencoe-massacre/. Hereinafter cited as Glencoe Massacre: Truth or Spin?
  • [S48] Reverends A MacDonald, The Clan Donald (Enberness: The Northern Counties Publishing Company, Ltd, 1904). Hereinafter cited as Clan Donald.
  • [S102] Alexander Ross Piper, Alexander Piper, unpublished (Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA). Hereinafter cited as Alexander Piper.
  • [S106] P. H. Sheridan, Personal Memoirs of P. H. Sheridan, Vol. I., Part 1. (A more detailed description is available in an online extract from the original at httpS://WWW.FULLTEXTARCHIVE.COM/PDFS/THE-MEMOIRS-OF-GENERAL-PHILIP-H-SHERIDAN-VOL.PDF, 1888) Hereinafter cited as P. H. Sheridan.
  • [S110] Letter from John L. Finafrock (Oldstone, Mercersburg, Pennsylvania) to Alexander Ross Piper, Undated; (Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA).
  • [S128] Ann Davis, "Re: Ann's Family," e-mail message from e-mail address (Canada) to Alton Donnell, 20 October 2021. Hereinafter cited as "Ann's Family."
  • [S135] West Lake Register of Births & Deaths, compiler, "West Lake Register of Births & Deaths 1829 - 1866, Archives: H-11-1"; Ancestral File . Hereinafter cited as "West Lake Register."
  • [S136] "New York Marriages, 1686-1980"; FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VK1K-FWG : 21 January 2020). Hereinafter cited as "New York Marriages, 1686-1980."
  • [S138] Joshua Bailet Richmond, The Richmond Family 1594-1896 and Pre-American Ancestors (Boston: Self, 1897). Hereinafter cited as The Richmond Family.
  • [S139] Frank J. Doherty The Settlers of the Beekman Patent, Dutchess County, New York: An Historical and Genealogical Study of All the 18th Century Settlers on the Patent, Volume IX. Hereinafter cited as Beekman Patent.
  • [S140] Anonymous, Pioneer Life on the Bay of Quinte (Toronto: Rolf and Clark Limited, 1904). Hereinafter cited as Pioneer Life.
  • [S141] Suitcase of Memories, online https://suitcaseofmemoriessite.com/…. Hereinafter cited as Suitcase of Memories.
  • [S142] Suitcase of Memories - The Cunninghams and the Warings, online https://suitcaseofmemoriessite.com/…. Hereinafter cited as Suitcase of Memories - Second.
  • [S144] Bernard Burke, The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales: Comprising a Registry of Armorial Bearings from the Earliest to the Present Time. (United Kingdom: Harrison & sons, 1804). Available online at: https://books.google.com/books/about/….
    Hereinafter cited as Burke's Armory.
  • [S146] Clan Cunningham, online https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan_Cunningham. Hereinafter cited as Clan Cunningham.
  • [S147] Where's That, online https://www.irishtimes.com/news/where-s-that-1.214723. Hereinafter cited as Where's That.
  • [S151] Adelaide Piper Oates, Fran├žois Augustin de BERLIER, c 1950 (Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA). Hereinafter cited as Fran├žois Augustin de BERLIER.
  • [S184] Rev. S. M. Rankin, History of the Buffalo Presbyterian Church and Her People (Greensboro, North Carolina: Joseph J. Stone & Co., Printers and Binders, c. 1935). Hereinafter cited as Buffalo Presbyterian Church.
  • [S201] Unknown, Chrystie Genealogy, 1957). Hereinafter cited as Chrystie Genealogy.
  • [S206] Juhn Lusk (abt. 1715 - bef. 1789), online https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Lusk-189. Hereinafter cited as Juhn Lusk.
  • [S233] Miss Lena J. Cunningham, Ottawa Evening Citizen, unknown location, 17 June 1959. Hereinafter cited as Ottawa Evening Citizen.
  • [S234] Lena Cunningham, Federal Naturalization Record, 1790-1996, 3579070 (15 January 1932).
  • [S235] Lena Jannet Cunningham, Birth Registration 018226 (31 December 1875).
  • [S239] Delaware Wills, 1682-1800 Ancestry.com. New Castle County, Will of Bryan McDonnell (Provo, Utah, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc,, 2000), Book B, p. 153. Hereinafter cited as Will of Bryan McDonnell.
  • [S240] F. B. Kegley, Kegley's Virginia frontier : the beginning of the Southwest, the Roanoke of colonial days, 1740-1783, with maps and illustrations (Roanoke, Virginia: Southwest Virginia Historical Society, 1938). Hereinafter cited as Kegley's Virginia frontier.
  • [S242] Raymond Dufau Donnell, editor, Buffalo Presbyterian Church and Cemetery, Greensboro, North Carolina (Greensboro, North Carolina: The Guilford County Genealogical Society, 1994). Hereinafter cited as Buffalo Presbyterian Church and Cemetery.
  • [S244] Donnell Family Information from the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, online https://www.cumberland.org/hfcpc/minister/DonnellFamily.htm. Hereinafter cited as Donnell Family Information.
  • [S245] Robert Donnell, online https://www.cumberland.org/hfcpc/minister/DonnellR.htm. Hereinafter cited as Robert Donnell.
  • [S249] Jennings Family Tree, online https://www.ancestry.com/family-tree/person/tree/21085334/…. Hereinafter cited as Jennings Family Tree.
  • [S252] J. V. Drake, A Historical Sketch of Wilson County, Tennessee - From Its First Settlement to the Present Time (Nashville: n.pub., 1879). Hereinafter cited as A Historical Sketch of Wilson County.
  • [S270] Sarah Lydia Waring, online https://www.ancestry.com/family-tree/person/tree/157050343/…. Hereinafter cited as Sarah Lydia Waring.
  • [S272] Francis White, online https://www.ancestry.com/family-tree/person/tree/157050343/…. Hereinafter cited as Francis White.
  • [S281] Emma A Donnell and Arthur Donnell, The Donnells and their Macdonald Ancestors, A History and Genealogy (Greenfield, Indiana: Wm Mitchell Printing Company), Digitized by the Internet Archive, 2018. Hereinafter cited as The Donnells and their Macdonald Ancestors.