Susan Anne Smith

F
FatherHollis Samuel Smith Jr b. 20 Oct 1929, d. 30 Oct 2018
MotherPhyllis Kay Baxter b. 5 Jan 1932, d. 8 Sep 2020

Family 2: Ken Love

Paul Eugene Andersi III

M

Marie Alexandra Oates

F, b. 25 July 1915, d. 22 November 2011
FatherFrank Richardson Oates1 b. 17 May 1888, d. 23 Sep 1987
MotherMarie Adelaide Piper b. 29 May 1891, d. 25 Sep 1955
Marie Alexandra Oates
     Marie Alexandra Oates was born on 25 July 1915 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.2 She was christened in April 1916 at Christ Church, Bay Ridge in Brooklyn, New York, USA.2 She married Eric Gordon Outram, son of Harold William Sidney Outram and Gladys Eunice Young, on 26 March 1942 at Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, Canada, in a civil ceremony. Their marriage was blessed at St Mark’s Church, Mount Kisco, New York, USA on 3 Oct 1942.2 Marie Alexandra Oates died on 22 November 2011 in Ditchling Common, Sussex, England, at age 96.2 She was buried on 2 December 2011 at Chobham, Surrey, England, UK,with her husband Eric (154) in his plot.3
     While her family lived in Brookline, Boston, Massachusetts, USA (1924-1931), she recalled the cold winters, with ice being cut from the lake (no refrigerators yet) and the great fun she had with all the Irish children there.2 She was educated at Mills College, Oakland, California when her family lived in Hollywood, California (1931-1936).
She first met Eric Outram c1938 while living in Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire, UK (1936-1939). As war broke out, they maintained a correspondence as she returned to the USA, and he was posted to Canada. She worked for Sperry Gyroscope and for British Overseas Airways Ltd at The Atlantic Clipper and Marine Base, La Guardia Field, New York.2 She traveled by train to Moose Jaw to visit Eric, and their subsequent wedding was a happy surprise for her family in New York. Harold Outram, Eric's father, was able to attend the ceremony in New York, while on government business in the USA. They returned to Moose Jaw, then when reassigned, drove east across the United States (c1943, no trans-Canada highway yet) to Trenton, Ontario. While at Trenton, they were billeted with Randolph Hewton, the Canadian artist, and his wife Benedicta, ‘Bené’. They were then posted back to the UK and lived in Pinner, Middlesex.
As war ended, they moved to 88 Beaufort St, Chelsea, London (1945-1948), where their first two children arrived, each taking one of the Hewtons’ names. They then moved out of London to ‘Longacres’, Chobham, Surrey, which, at the time, was one of the 4% of UK homes with central heating, her requirement, and close to Woking with its very good rail service to the City of London, his requirement. They lived and raised their 6 children there for 23 years (1948-1971). She enjoyed ensuring that as many of her children as possible would always come with her to church, her social hub, every Sunday. After Eric died, she lived on at ‘Longacres’ for another 6 years before moving to Windlesham (1977-2011), living ‘on her own’ for 40 years.2

Citations

  1. [S71] Rick Outram, "Frank Richardson OATES, Bio Revision," e-mail message from e-mail address (Bagshot) to Alton Donnell, 13 February 2021. Hereinafter cited as "Frank Richardson OATES, Bio Revision."
  2. [S82] Eric Outram, "RE: Genealogy Stuff," e-mail message from e-mail address (England) to Alton Donnell, 14 Jan 2021 This email reference serves as a surrogate for emails exchanged, some lost, over the past 20 years or so that document significant review by my European cousins. Hereinafter cited as "RE: Genealogy Stuff."
  3. [S73] Eric Outram, "RE: Burial Dates," e-mail message from e-mail address (England) to Alton Donnell, 14 Feb 2021. Hereinafter cited as "RE: Burial Dates."

Eric Gordon Outram

M, b. 8 June 1914, d. 8 September 1971
FatherHarold William Sidney Outram b. 11 Oct 1887, d. 31 May 1944
MotherGladys Eunice Young b. 11 Aug 1888, d. 20 Jan 1968
Eric Gordon Outram
     Eric Gordon Outram was born on 8 June 1914 in Mill Hill, London, England.1 He married Marie Alexandra Oates, daughter of Frank Richardson Oates and Marie Adelaide Piper, on 26 March 1942 at Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, Canada, in a civil ceremony. Their marriage was blessed at St Mark’s Church, Mount Kisco, New York, USA on 3 Oct 1942.1 Eric Gordon Outram died on 8 September 1971 in St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, England, at age 57.1 He was buried in Chobham, Surrey, England.1
     He lived in Ingatestone, Essex and was educated at Brentwood School and then at City&Guilds, London, where he took Aeronautical Engineering. He worked as an engineer for Saunders Roe. His family moved to Gerrards Cross, South Buckinghamshire where he met his future wife.1 He earned his private pilot's license circa 1934 and started in the aviation insurance business with the British Aviation Insurance Company.
He joined the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve and, as an experienced pilot, was assigned at Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, Canada, as a pilot instructor.1 He returned to England before the end of World War II and joined Stewart Smith Ltd, specializing in the aviation insurance business at London, where he handled accounts such as Boeing, Air France, and KLM. He was also a Member of Lloyd's of London.1

Citations

  1. [S82] Eric Outram, "RE: Genealogy Stuff," e-mail message from e-mail address (England) to Alton Donnell, 14 Jan 2021 This email reference serves as a surrogate for emails exchanged, some lost, over the past 20 years or so that document significant review by my European cousins. Hereinafter cited as "RE: Genealogy Stuff."

Adelaide Piper Oates

F, b. 1 January 1920, d. 1 April 2011
FatherFrank Richardson Oates1 b. 17 May 1888, d. 23 Sep 1987
MotherMarie Adelaide Piper b. 29 May 1891, d. 25 Sep 1955
Adelaide Piper Oates
     Adelaide Piper Oates was born on 1 January 1920 in Bay Ridge, Brooklyn, New York, USA.2 She married Guy Joseph Marie de Villardi de Montlaur, son of Jean Joseph Marie de Villardi de Montlaur and Alice Pereira Pinto, on 3 July 1943 at Denham, Buckinghamshire, England.2 Adelaide Piper Oates died on 1 April 2011 in Paris, France, at age 91.2 She was buried on 8 April 2011 in Ranville, Calvados, Normandy, France.2

Citations

  1. [S71] Rick Outram, "Frank Richardson OATES, Bio Revision," e-mail message from e-mail address (Bagshot) to Alton Donnell, 13 February 2021. Hereinafter cited as "Frank Richardson OATES, Bio Revision."
  2. [S83] George De Montlaur, "Re: Piper-Cozzens Family Genealogy," e-mail message from e-mail address (France) to Alton Donnell, 25 January 2021. Documents George de Montlaur's review of the de Montlaur files. Hereinafter cited as "Re: Piper-Cozzens Family Genealogy."

Guy Joseph Marie de Villardi de Montlaur

M, b. 9 September 1918, d. 10 August 1977
FatherJean Joseph Marie de Villardi de Montlaur b. 31 Mar 1879, d. 14 Sep 1929
MotherAlice Pereira Pinto b. 27 Aug 1882, d. 15 Jan 1966
Guy de Montlaur, c 1944
     Guy Joseph Marie de Villardi de Montlaur was born on 9 September 1918 in Biarritz, Pyrenees Atlantiques, France.1 He married Adelaide Piper Oates, daughter of Frank Richardson Oates and Marie Adelaide Piper, on 3 July 1943 at Denham, Buckinghamshire, England.1 Guy Joseph Marie de Villardi de Montlaur died on 10 August 1977 in Garches, Hauts-de-Seine, at age 58.1
     Guy Joseph Marie de Villardi de Montlaur was also known as Guy de Villardi, comte de Montlaur.1 He was a French painter from the Languedoc family of Montlaur.1 He joined the French military (national service) after the Munich Agreement in 1938 and, after war was declared in September 1939, served with a reconnaissance group "Les Corps Francs" where he participated in raids across the German Border. After the German invasion and demobilization, he worked with the French Resistance to prepare a passport based on his mother being Brazilian and that he had business to conduct in Brazil. Using this, he escaped via Lisbon to rejoin the Free French Naval Marines in England.2 He landed on Sword Beach in Normandy on 6 June 1944 with the 1er BFMC troops (aka "Kieffer Commandos"), participated in the Battle of Normandy, and landed again in Holland on 1 November 1944 (Operation Infatuate). This operation opened the port of Antwerp and enabled the allied troops to invade Northern Germany. By the age of 25 he had received seven citations for valour in battle ("Croix de Guerre") and the French Légion d’Honneur. His rank when he left the French Navy was Capitaine de Corvette, the equivalent of a Lieutenant Commander.
For more details, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guy_de_Montlaur
and, for his return to art
https://montlaur.net/en/biographie/.1

Citations

  1. [S83] George De Montlaur, "Re: Piper-Cozzens Family Genealogy," e-mail message from e-mail address (France) to Alton Donnell, 25 January 2021. Documents George de Montlaur's review of the de Montlaur files. Hereinafter cited as "Re: Piper-Cozzens Family Genealogy."
  2. [S122] Winx Martin, "RE: Piper-Coozens," e-mail message from e-mail address (Switzerland) to Alton Donnell, 23 September 2021. Hereinafter cited as "RE: Piper-Coozens."

Elizabeth Maynard Ross Oates

F, b. 3 October 1926, d. 26 March 1994
FatherFrank Richardson Oates1 b. 17 May 1888, d. 23 Sep 1987
MotherMarie Adelaide Piper b. 29 May 1891, d. 25 Sep 1955
Elizabeth Maynard Ross Oates
     Elizabeth Maynard Ross Oates was born on 3 October 1926 in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. She married Jørgen Andreas Georg Buschardt, son of Johannes Evald Buschardt and Emilie Laura Benthine Axeline Claussen, on 11 February 1953 at Church of the Assumption in Brooklyn, New York, USA.2 Elizabeth Maynard Ross Oates died on 26 March 1994 at Holte, Denmark, at age 67.2 She was buried at Søllerød Kirkegård in Holte, Denmark.3

Citations

  1. [S71] Rick Outram, "Frank Richardson OATES, Bio Revision," e-mail message from e-mail address (Bagshot) to Alton Donnell, 13 February 2021. Hereinafter cited as "Frank Richardson OATES, Bio Revision."
  2. [S69] Claus Buschardt, "RE: DEADLINE - Genealogy Stuff," e-mail message from e-mail address (Denmark) to Alton Donnell, 9 February 2021 Used as a generic reference, following a detailed review. Hereinafter cited as "RE: DEADLINE - Genealogy Stuff."
  3. [S119] Pusti Buschardt, "Re: Piper-Cozzens, et al - Last Chance," e-mail message from e-mail address (Maine) to Alton Donnell, 31 August 2021. Hereinafter cited as "Re: Piper-Cozzens, et al."

Jørgen Andreas Georg Buschardt

M, b. 4 September 1923, d. 23 November 2005
FatherJohannes Evald Buschardt b. 15 Oct 1888, d. 15 Nov 1977
MotherEmilie Laura Benthine Axeline Claussen b. 17 Dec 1889, d. 31 Mar 1974
Jørgen Andreas Georg Buschardt
     Jørgen Andreas Georg Buschardt was born on 4 September 1923 in Saxkøbing, Saxkøbing, Denmark. He married Elizabeth Maynard Ross Oates, daughter of Frank Richardson Oates and Marie Adelaide Piper, on 11 February 1953 at Church of the Assumption in Brooklyn, New York, USA.1 Jørgen Andreas Georg Buschardt died on 23 November 2005 in Gentofte, Gentofte Amtssgehus, Denmark, at age 82. He was buried at Søllerød Kirkegård in Holte, Denmark.2

Citations

  1. [S69] Claus Buschardt, "RE: DEADLINE - Genealogy Stuff," e-mail message from e-mail address (Denmark) to Alton Donnell, 9 February 2021 Used as a generic reference, following a detailed review. Hereinafter cited as "RE: DEADLINE - Genealogy Stuff."
  2. [S119] Pusti Buschardt, "Re: Piper-Cozzens, et al - Last Chance," e-mail message from e-mail address (Maine) to Alton Donnell, 31 August 2021. Hereinafter cited as "Re: Piper-Cozzens, et al."

Flora Wightman Reynolds

F, b. 27 September 1926, d. 18 August 1970
FatherPhillip Keep Reynolds Jr. b. 16 Mar 1904, d. 2 Jun 1989
MotherEmily Cozzens Piper b. 31 Mar 1901, d. 3 May 1971
Flora Wightman Reynolds
     Flora Wightman Reynolds was born on 27 September 1926 in Brookline, Norfolk, Massachusetts, USA. She married Paul Agassiz Shaw, son of Paul Agazziz Shaw and Betty Wightman Pope, on 14 February 1956. Flora Wightman Reynolds died on 18 August 1970 in Trumansburg, Tompkins, New York, USA, at age 43. She was buried at Forest Hills Cemetery in Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Family: Paul Agassiz Shaw b. 15 Dec 1933, d. 10 Apr 2018

Paul Agassiz Shaw

M, b. 15 December 1933, d. 10 April 2018
FatherPaul Agazziz Shaw b. 28 Aug 1912, d. Jan 1983
MotherBetty Wightman Pope b. 17 Jul 1912, d. 14 Dec 1998
Paul Shaw
     Paul Agassiz Shaw was born on 15 December 1933 in Newton, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA. He married Flora Wightman Reynolds, daughter of Phillip Keep Reynolds Jr. and Emily Cozzens Piper, on 14 February 1956. Paul Agassiz Shaw married Joan Russell Barker. Paul Agassiz Shaw died on 10 April 2018 in Littleton, Grafton, New Hampshire, USA, at age 84. He was buried in Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Family 1: Flora Wightman Reynolds b. 27 Sep 1926, d. 18 Aug 1970

Anne Ross Reynolds

F, b. 12 January 1928, d. 21 January 2013
FatherPhillip Keep Reynolds Jr. b. 16 Mar 1904, d. 2 Jun 1989
MotherEmily Cozzens Piper b. 31 Mar 1901, d. 3 May 1971
Anne Reynolds, c 1953
     Anne Ross Reynolds was born on 12 January 1928 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA. She married Donald Ralph Kleinberg, son of Karl Kleinberg and Julia Rapp, on 22 February 1952 in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA. Anne Ross Reynolds and Donald Ralph Kleinberg were divorced in 1980 at Connecticut, USA. Anne Ross Reynolds died on 21 January 2013 in Austin, Travis, Texas, USA, at age 85.
     Anne moved to New Haven, Connecticut in 1966 with her husband and four children: Elizabeth, Susan, Dana and Roger Kleinberg. In New Haven she resumed her serious study of the piano and worked for many years at the Yale University Music Library. She moved to Austin, Texas in 2003 to become better acquainted with her granddaughter, Alexandra Kleinberg.

Family: Donald Ralph Kleinberg b. 15 Nov 1922, d. 29 Jun 2013

Donald Ralph Kleinberg

M, b. 15 November 1922, d. 29 June 2013
FatherKarl Kleinberg
MotherJulia Rapp
Donald Kleinberg
     Donald Ralph Kleinberg was born on 15 November 1922 in Waltham, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA. He married Anne Ross Reynolds, daughter of Phillip Keep Reynolds Jr. and Emily Cozzens Piper, on 22 February 1952 in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA. Donald Ralph Kleinberg and Anne Ross Reynolds were divorced in 1980 at Connecticut, USA. Donald Ralph Kleinberg died on 29 June 2013 in Cheshire, New Haven, Connecticut, USA, at age 90.
     He grew up in Worcester Mass, graduated from Classical High School in 1940, was honorably discharged from the Army in 1946 and graduated from Harvard University in June 1949 with a degree in English. He came to New Haven, CT in 1966 as Director of Information and Development at Yale New Haven Hospital till 1978. He loved classical music, reading the New York Times, King Tut, Asian art and great food. He was the "ultimate corresponder".1

Family: Anne Ross Reynolds b. 12 Jan 1928, d. 21 Jan 2013

Citations

  1. [S10] Newspapers.com, compiler, "The New Haven Register" (July 6, 2013), Hereinafter cited as "New Haven Register."

Patricia Arnold Reynolds

F, b. 3 March 1931, d. 13 July 2013
FatherPhillip Keep Reynolds Jr. b. 16 Mar 1904, d. 2 Jun 1989
MotherEmily Cozzens Piper b. 31 Mar 1901, d. 3 May 1971
Patricia Reynolds
     Patricia Arnold Reynolds was born on 3 March 1931 in Brookline, Norfolk, Massachusetts, USA. She married John Stanley Sanford, son of Frederick J Sanford and Margaret Maloney, on 2 January 1955 in Wellesley, Massachusetts, USA. Patricia Arnold Reynolds and John Stanley Sanford were divorced on 3 August 1977 at Palm Beach, Florida, USA. Patricia Arnold Reynolds and John Stanley Sanford were divorced in 1979. Patricia Arnold Reynolds died on 13 July 2013 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA, at age 82. She was buried at Woodside Cemetery in Yarmouth Port, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA.1
     She graduated from Lasell Junior College. In 1979, moved to Cape Cod. She was an antique dealer on Cape Cod from 1996, until her death. An avid gardener, and adventurous cook, she loved traveling with her family, and following Tulane women's basketball.

Citations

  1. [S34] Find A Grave, online findagrave.com, 113941208. Hereinafter cited as Find A Grave.

John Stanley Sanford

M, b. 18 May 1929, d. 7 March 2000
FatherFrederick J Sanford
MotherMargaret Maloney
Jack Sanford
     John Stanley Sanford was born on 18 May 1929 in Wellesley Hills, Massachusetts, USA.1 He married Patricia Arnold Reynolds, daughter of Phillip Keep Reynolds Jr. and Emily Cozzens Piper, on 2 January 1955 in Wellesley, Massachusetts, USA. John Stanley Sanford and Patricia Arnold Reynolds were divorced on 3 August 1977 at Palm Beach, Florida, USA. John Stanley Sanford and Patricia Arnold Reynolds were divorced in 1979. John Stanley Sanford died on 7 March 2000 at Beckley, West Virginia, USA, at age 70 of brain cancer.1
     He was a major league baseball player who won 16 consecutive games in propelling the San Francisco Giants to the 1962 National League pennant. He had pitched in the minors for seven seasons, then found instant success in the major leagues, winning rookie of the year honors with the Philadelphia Phillies in 1957, when he was 19-8 and led the majors in strikeouts with 188.1

Citations

  1. [S77] Jack Sanford, 70; Pitcher Won 16 Straight, New York Times, New York, New York, 13 March 2000, Section A, Page 19. Hereinafter cited as NYT.

Emily Joy Reynolds

F
FatherPhillip Keep Reynolds Jr. b. 16 Mar 1904, d. 2 Jun 1989
MotherEmily Cozzens Piper b. 31 Mar 1901, d. 3 May 1971

Family 1: Winslow Caflin Pierce b. 16 May 1933, d. 6 Apr 2013

Family 2: John Adams Hixon

Winslow Caflin Pierce

M, b. 16 May 1933, d. 6 April 2013
FatherEdward Winslow Pierce b. 1901, d. 1948
MotherMarguerite Tena Blanchard b. 1907, d. 1971
Winslow Pierce
     Winslow Caflin Pierce was born on 16 May 1933. He died on 6 April 2013 in Naples, Florida, USA, at age 79. He was buried at Massachusetts National Cemetery in Bourne, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA.1
     Win served in the Korean War with the U.S. Army. He received an honorable discharge in 1955. Win graduated from Babson College in 1959 with a BS/BA in Marketing/Distribution. He was Vice President of Applications and Technical Services for Stowe Woodard, retiring in 2000. From 2000-2008, he worked as a consultant for Stowe Woodard. In 2009 he obtained his Real Estate license and worked for Century 21.

Family 2: Debra (?)

Citations

  1. [S34] Find A Grave, online findagrave.com, 108453471. Hereinafter cited as Find A Grave.

John Adams Hixon

M

Holly Pierce

F
FatherWinslow Caflin Pierce b. 16 May 1933, d. 6 Apr 2013
MotherEmily Joy Reynolds

Wendy Pierce

F
FatherWinslow Caflin Pierce b. 16 May 1933, d. 6 Apr 2013
MotherEmily Joy Reynolds

Laurie Pierce

F
FatherWinslow Caflin Pierce b. 16 May 1933, d. 6 Apr 2013
MotherEmily Joy Reynolds

Phillip Keep Reynolds III

M
FatherPhillip Keep Reynolds Jr. b. 16 Mar 1904, d. 2 Jun 1989
MotherEmily Cozzens Piper b. 31 Mar 1901, d. 3 May 1971
Phillip Reynolds

Family 2: Beverley (?)

Citations

  1. [S78] Scott Reynolds, "Re: Piper-Cozzens Family Genealogy," e-mail message from e-mail address (New York) to Alton Donnell, 6 February 2021. Hereinafter cited as "Reynolds Piper-Cozzens."

Alexander Ross Piper III

M, b. 6 March 1936, d. 20 September 2006
FatherAlexander Ross Piper Jr b. 24 Aug 1909, d. 22 May 1978
MotherRuth Evelyn Fitch b. 21 Apr 1911, d. 21 Apr 2001
Alexander Ross Piper III
     Alexander Ross Piper III was born on 6 March 1936 in Brooklyn, New York, USA. He died on 20 September 2006 in Bongaree, Queensland, Australia, at age 70.
     At Paine Webber, he advanced to Partner and Head of Equity and Derivative Trading. He was a Member of the Board and the Executive Committee of the CBOE in Chicago. Subsequently, he was in charge of Drexel Burnham's Specialist Operations on all trading floors. He participated in the early electronic trading forays by Instanet, OptiMark and others that contributed to the modernization of the securities industry. He was a founding and active member of Interbourse.

Family 1: Marie Joy McIntosh

Family 3: Martha Famula

Marie Joy McIntosh

F

Family: Alexander Ross Piper III b. 6 Mar 1936, d. 20 Sep 2006

Sarah Blann Jackson

F
FatherCharles Reginald Jackson b. 1903, d. 21 Sep 1968
MotherRhoda Copland Petrie Blann Booth b. 1907, d. 21 Apr 1993

Family: Alexander Ross Piper III b. 6 Mar 1936, d. 20 Sep 2006

Martha Famula

F

Family: Alexander Ross Piper III b. 6 Mar 1936, d. 20 Sep 2006

Alexandra Piper

F
FatherAlexander Ross Piper III b. 6 Mar 1936, d. 20 Sep 2006
MotherSarah Blann Jackson
Alexandra Piper

Citations

  1. [S75] Jon Seed, "Re: Piper Cozzens "Stuff"," e-mail message from e-mail address (On the Road) to Alton Donnell, 24 Feb 2021. Hereinafter cited as "Re: Piper Cozzens "Stuff.""

Ross Jackson Piper

M
FatherAlexander Ross Piper III b. 6 Mar 1936, d. 20 Sep 2006
MotherSarah Blann Jackson

Citations

  1. [S75] Jon Seed, "Re: Piper Cozzens "Stuff"," e-mail message from e-mail address (On the Road) to Alton Donnell, 24 Feb 2021. Hereinafter cited as "Re: Piper Cozzens "Stuff.""

Donald Fitch Piper

M, b. 5 March 1938, d. 25 March 1990
FatherAlexander Ross Piper Jr b. 24 Aug 1909, d. 22 May 1978
MotherRuth Evelyn Fitch b. 21 Apr 1911, d. 21 Apr 2001
     Donald Fitch Piper was born on 5 March 1938 in Brooklyn, New York, USA. He married Jerry L Fitzer on 20 June 1970 in Los Angeles, California, USA. Donald Fitch Piper and Jerry L Fitzer were divorced on 13 October 1983 at Sacramento, California, USA.1 Donald Fitch Piper married Jerry L Fitzer in 1987 in Palazzo Vecchio, Italy.1 Donald Fitch Piper died on 25 March 1990 in Sacramento, Sacramento, California, USA, at age 52. He was buried at Sleepy Hollow Cemetery in Tarrytown, Westchester, New York, USA.

Citations

  1. [S200] Seed-Piper-Aikenhead, ... Family Tree on Ancestry.com, online https://www.ancestry.com/family-tree/tree/50429272/recent. Hereinafter cited as Seed-Piper-Aikenhead.